CLIFTON - The Michigan Technological University Industrial Archaeology Field School is in its fourth year excavating sites near the Cliff Mine - the first profitable copper mine in the Keweenaw - and students in the program are once again preparing to guide the public on tours of the historic site.
The free tours started this past weekend. Tours, which leave from the east end of Cliff Drive, about a mile from the town of Phoenix, near the junction of U.S. 41, will also be held June 22-23 and 29-30, the final two weekends of the seven-week field school program. The tours begin at 10 a.m. each day, with the last tour starting at 3:30 p.m.
People are welcome to stop by and ask questions between 10 a.m. and 3:30 p.m. Wednesday through Sunday as well while the teams work on the site.
From left, Michigan Tech University students Melissa Michaelson, an undergraduate anthropology major, and Rob Anthony, a graduate industrial archaeology student, dig in a trench during excavation work at the Clifton site Thursday afternoon, as Connor Will, an undergraduate anthropology student sifts through dirt from the trench. The group, and other Tech students in the summer field school are preparing to lead public tours of the site starting this weekend. (Daily Mining Gazette photo by Stephen Anderson)
"It's critical to us that the public be involved in this. We're not doing this just for ourselves," said Sam Sweitz, Michigan Tech associate professor and co-principal investigator and instructor at the site, along with Tim Scarlett. "Yes, we want to train students so they can go on and be good archeologists, but that idea of sharing this site and sharing the knowledge that we gain from this site with the public is critical to what we're doing here.
"... There's a really nice dialogue between the archaeologists and the public at this site. People will say my great-grandfather worked at the site. They'll give us information we didn't know yet. It's fantastic."
The tours will be set to various levels of difficulty, and will be fairly open-ended, with opportunities given to explore using signs posted throughout the site as a guide.
"It's important that people understand it's not Disneyland. It's uneven walking, basically like a hike in the woods in the Keweenaw," Scarlett said. "Come prepared."
The team of undergraduate and graduate students have learned a lot at the site in the last three years, from digitally mapping the area in the first year, and excavating the stamp mill site the last two years, and now they're focusing their attention on the nearby town of Clifton, unearthing details about what day-to-day life may have been like.
"Each year we build on what we did the year before," Sweitz said.
The project has continuity through the leadership of Sweitz and Scarlett, and through several graduate students who have pursued theses and dissertations based off work at the site. Lee Pressley, a Ph.D. student in Tech's industrial heritage and archaeology program - the only such program in the country - for example, is in her second year studying food systems, local farming and consumption patterns at the site.
Each year, though, new students join the project.
"It's been very exciting. This is my first taste of real archaeology," said Connor Will, who will be starting his second year in Tech's anthropology program this fall. "I'm really liking the digging, the mapping, the drawing, the interpretation and the collaboration."
Thursday he was working with team members Melissa Michaelson, who will also be starting her second year in anthropology, and Rob Anthony, a first-year graduate student in industrial archaeology. The team was excavating a yard space near a house foundation.
"You see archaeology in the movies, and on TV, not only are they glorified, but they find perfect, immaculate remains of an entire village. At least so far here that's not how it's worked," said Anthony, who recently graduated with a bachelor's degree in history from Northern Michigan University.
"We're finding lots of evidence of day-to-day life. It's not like Indiana Jones where every moment is action packed, but it's still exciting."